Yala National Park is the second-largest national park in Sri Lanka. It is located in the southeastern dry zone of the country. The park is about 300 km from Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. Yala belongs to two Uva and Southern Provinces of Sri Lanka. The garden is divided into five sections and only sections 1 and 2 are open to visitors.
Yala National Park is one of the main national parks spread over a large area in the southwest of Sri Lanka.
Although most of the reserve is endangered, it is a wildlife park with a wide range of ecosystems including wildlife, coastal waters, springs, rivers, and scrubland. This scrubland is populated by scattered rocky remnants. The park provides habitat for a large number of species.
The Yala Reserve is home to the largest population in the world. Even so, a large number of carnivorous animals that walk at night have to work hard to find their prey and getting prey often depends on luck. There are a large number of animals in the park, including Asian elephants, crocodiles, wild boars, turkeys, and ashwax. And the lukewarm are drifting into the wetlands.
The tsunami of December 26, 2004, destroyed the Wildlife Conservation Center and the Bungalow Bungalow, causing casualties. The reason for this is not the loss of a large number of animal life, as the tsunami waves are coming and the animals have escaped to high ground. Then the Yala National Park was reopened.
It is one of the two oldest national parks in Sri Lanka. Yala National Park was declared on 25th February 1983. Yala is one of the most famous parks in our country. The park is also well known in Sri Lanka, even on the outskirts of the country. The Yala forest has been used as a hunting ground by the British since 1900.
It was designated a hunting reserve in 1900. In 1908, it was declared a sanctuary. Later, the Yala forest was divided into five zones and its zonal number one was upgraded to a National Park on 25 February 1938. The remaining four zones were subsequently declared affiliated to the Yala National Park. There is also a strict nature reserve in the park.
There are seven tourist residences in the park. These are Mahasilawalas, New Buddha, Old Buddha, Talgasmankada, Hinwewa, Ondachi. The Palatupana office is also a reservation house for more people
There are several major tanks in the region, namely, Buttawa, Hinwewa, Gonagala, Komawewa, Patanangala Wewa, Palatupana, Bandu Wewa, Darshana Wewa. There are also two small tanks such as Vilapala Wewa and Menati Wewa, Rukwila, Pattiyawila, Debaragaswala, Kharavigaswala, and Raniwala. There are also three lagoons in Buttala, a sinkhole, and small silage. In Zone Two, the Inter-Friendly Tank and the Mahawewa are popular. A well-known watering hole. The lagoon is known as Pinnava, Upper Poththana, Lower Poththana, Mahirawa, Gajaba. The Manik Ganga estuary, the Katupili ara, and the mangrove ecosystems are important places. The Manik Ganga and the Kumbukkan Oya are two major water bodies that flow through the park.Weheragala Reservoir is spread over 1500 hectares. Overall, Yala is a plain parkland.
Yala National Park has been a popular destination for wildlife for centuries. Almost every small mammal in the village lives: 40 species survive. There is no such wildlife sanctuary in Sri Lanka for elephants and tigers. There are about 150 elephants and 40 tigers annually in Zone One alone. Animals such as moa, sow, pig, fox, wallabha, hothumba, etc., have no shortage. Among the birds, there are about 130 residents and 30 migratory species. Yala is a great stay for aquatic and wildlife. Watersheds are mainly nesting around the Palatupana Lake and Heen Lake. Aloe cranes, leevarivaduns, rodents, white crows, Ae-hooks, rodents, polymorphs, syllabilla are common in the Olivian watersheds. Clumps and moths are the most common land mines. It is a habitat of many reptiles, including crocodiles, plankton, nines, and snakes.
Not only tortoises but also turtles, sandbags, sandblasts have been reported in Yala. About 1,000 crocodiles live here. Yala is also rich in sensitive animals such as fish, amphibians, insects, and mollusks. Apart from the village, the Yala National Park is also home to carnivores such as sea eagle, lake eagle, snake eagle, bamboo paw, squirrel, hawk-eagle