Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is the only center in Sri Lanka that cares for orphaned elephants. It is located in the Pinnawala area of the Rambukkana town in the Kegalle District. Pinnawala can be reached for a maximum distance of 10km from Kegalle to the 82km post on the Kandy-Kandy Highway on Route A1. The Elephant Orphanage is located 2km away from the Rambukkana railway station. The Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is famous both locally and internationally because of its importance as a museum, exhibition, and conservatory of elephants. The Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, which is managed by the Department of Zoological Gardens, is a major tourist attraction for both local and foreign tourists. Therefore, the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is an important tourist attraction in Sri Lanka.
The Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage was established by the Department of Wildlife Conservation in 1975 on a 25-acre land to ensure the livelihood of orphaned elephants found in the wild. In 1987, it was taken over by the Department of National Zoological Gardens and in 1982 the animal breeding program was started. When it was started as an elephant orphanage, a suitable climate for elephants was selected. It is a part of the wet geographical region and is surrounded by tropical forests. Established on a 9-hectare coconut land, it was initially opened as a wild elephant orphanage and a showroom with nine elephants. But the main problem at the beginning was, are tourists coming to see it? Means. This was due to the fact that it was slightly off the main road. The main objective of this center is to provide shelter for orphaned elephants who are affected by various factors. Here are some of the ways in which elephants have become orphaned.
• Orphaned due to natural causes
• The death of the mother elephant
• The inhumanity and cruelty of men
Pinnawala is the home of the largest elephant herd in the world and the only place in the world where large numbers of elephants of different ages can be seen simultaneously. As a result, the Department of Wildlife Conservation has taken care of the orphaned elephants for various reasons.
• Elephants born here
• Orphaned elephants
The attention paid to elephants belonging to both sides is different. Elephants that are born in this area are given special attention by mothers and mothers. Of these, elephants who have been affected are given special attention. When an orphan is brought to an elephant, two elephants are separated and acclimated to the calf. Elephants belonging to both sides are accustomed to a word-for-word signaling system.
The supply of food for the care of the elephants is on the rise. Elephant’s staple food is portions of the Kitul tree. Elephants eat both the body and branches of the Kitul tree. In addition, coconut and jackfruit also provide food.
Elephants are not limited to the foliage as food. Banana fruit cane fruits like watermelon and pineapple are also preferred. The staple food of elephants is milk. The baby elephants are fed three milks of milk daily. 9.15 am, 1.15 pm and 5.00 pm The amount of milk given at one time is about 5.5 liters. One calf needs about 16.5 liters of milk per day. A rubber tube is inserted into the mouth of the milk bottle to give milk to the calves without any wastage. Lactogen flour is used to make milk. Special attention will be paid to temperature and cleanliness.Elephants who live in the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage are provided with a tender method by calling for tenders. The supplier must deliver these food items on time and on time. He will be paid by check.
Providing food for the care of elephants is also important as the prevention of diseases is important in the case of elephants. Hookworm disease is a major cause of bacterial infections and bacterial infections. Viruses produce diseases such as tuberculosis, bacterial tuberculosis, bacterial, fungal and protozoa mixed agents. The Elephant Orphanage has taken several measures to maintain the health of the elephants. A special doctor has been appointed at the Elephant Orphanage. Elephants are often used for human medication.
Elephants live between 60-70 years of age and most die after old age. But it is also possible to see death due to illness.
Both local and foreign tourists visit Pinnawala. The most frequent local arrivals are in the months of April and August. Most of the foreign tourists come from December to August. There are plenty of facilities for tourists here. They also have a hotel run by the hotel corporation. Elephants are also allowed to take photos. Filming can only be done after paying for it.
Special Advice for Travelers
• Always stay away from elephants.
• Do not enter dangerous areas.
• Smoking only when permitted.
• Never disturb elephants.
• Avoid making noise.
• Avoid bringing pets into the orphanage.
The Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage also contributes to Sri Lanka’s income from tourism. The proceeds from the tour will be credited to the Zoo Fund. The Elephant Orphanage is allocated a year’s budget from the required budget and funds from the Zoo Fund are available when needed