Mulkirigala Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient temple of archeological value. This temple can be reached from Dickwella or Tangalle areas. Mulkirigala Rajamaha Viharaya is located in the Hambantota District of the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. Today this temple is known as Mulkirigala but in ancient times it was known as Mulgirigala, Mulagiriya, Muwathirigala, and Mullagiriya. According to European records, the temple was also known as Adamberk. During the Kandyan period, this temple was known as Mulagiri Viharaya. Mulkirigala temple is also known as small Sigiriya. This temple got its name from small Sigiriya because this temple is located on a rock similar to Sigiriya.
Legend has it that the Mulkirigala temple was connected to the Hakmana tunnel by another tunnel and that the tunnel was created by a cobra king. According to the 7th century Mulkirigala inscription, this temple is said to have been very prosperous at that time. The stupa at the top of the Mulkirigala temple was built by King Saddhatissa in the year AD. It is said that it was built in the 3rd century and it is said in history that King Dhatusena also built a stupa.
One story says that a hunter who met King “Saddhatissa” while he was hunting pointed out this rock to the kings and told him that it was appropriate to build a temple on this rock. This is shown in one of the paintings in the Mulkirigala temple.
It is said that the Mulkirigala Rajamaha Viharaya is located on a rock about 350 feet high. This Rajamaha Vihara consists of seven cave temples. Each of these caves bears the name of a reclining Buddha statue and numerous standing statues. Here Wessanthara Jataka, Thelapaththa, Jataka stories are depicted. Also featured are nude women wearing jewelry and drumming. The size of the rock on which the cave temple is located and the extent to which it extends from the ground to the top of the temple complex can be seen as the lower courtyard, the central courtyard, and the upper courtyard. Renovated under various kings, this temple is still a Buddhist shrine that showcases our history and artistic potential.