Beautiful Dumbara World Heritage Site. Knuckles forest, also known as Dumbara Forest, is the first protected forest in Sri Lanka. The forest covers 21,000 hectares and belongs to the Matale and Kandy districts and is under the control of the Forest Department. The mountain is known as the Dumbara Mountain, and the western slope of the hill is called Batadu Mountain because the mountains are almost always covered with fog. The Dumbara Mountain, which covers the central hills, consists of about 35 peaks.
We can see five major mountain tops in Knuckles forest. The highest mountain peak in the Dumbara Forest is the Gombania mountain top which is 6248 feet. The second is the Knuckles 6112 feet, the third is 5403 feet of Kirigolpotta and 5164 feet of Dothulugala.
There are some places in the Knuckles forest that date back to the reign of King Rawana. There are places like Sita Lena, Gawarawila and Yahangala related to the history of Rawana which are believed to have been hidden by the King of Ravana. Lakesgala is also said to have pointed the direction of Sri Lanka’s location. The unique T sthānayaki.tava janapravavāda hiding places receive a shower of sand Saranankara to the analysis of the past, to make gunpowder needed natural nitric G potassium (KNO3) or are in the cave from the saltpeter.
The Knuckles Mountains are perpendicular to the northeast and southwest monsoon winds and receive rainfall from both monsoons. The Knuckles area receives an annual rainfall of about 5080 mm and its eastern low slopes receive an annual rainfall of 2540-3810 mm. The mean annual temperature is about 18.5-26 degrees Celsius. Due to this rainfall variability, a number of different forest types are found in the Knuckles forest.
1. Wet tropical lower half evergreen
2.Tropical sub-humid wet semi-evergreen
3. Tropical Mountains Wet Evergreen
Apart from this, it is also home to a variety of topographical features such as colorful flora, rocky peaks, rocky slopes, and rocky landscapes, as well as beautiful landscapes not found elsewhere in the island. Some species are found only in this forest. Therefore, both tourism and biological value are very high.
Knuckles is a biodiversity hotspot. It is home to a large number of living species, some of which are endemic to Sri Lanka.
1. Potato tubers (Brachystelma lankana)
2. (Dumbara) Slice Horn Lizard (Ceratophora tenn)
3. Nannophrys marmorata
Such creatures can only be found in the Knuckles forest.
It is also home to a number of rare species of medicinal plants, birds, reptiles, and mushrooms.
1st king (Anoectochilus setaceus)
2.Bing Coconut (Munronia pinnata)
3.Bomb (Symplocos cochinchinensis)
4.Mille (Vitex altissima)
5.M (Madhuca longifolia)
6. Huperzia squarrosa
7. Lycopodium phlegmaria
8. Asparagus racemosus
10. Phyllanthus emblica
1.Buil Mormon (Papilio polymnestor)
3. Common Mormon (Papilio polytes)
4.Niger (Orsotriaena medus)
5. Blue Admiral (Kaniska canace)
6.Tamil Yoman (Cirrochoroa thais)
1. Gracula religiosa
2.Chebebella (Urocissa ornata)
3. Gallus lafayetii
4.Giramalitta (Loriculus beryllinus)
5.Paulos Bower (Megalaima zeylanica)
In addition, elephants can be seen in the eastern slopes of the Knuckles forest.